EARLY RECOGNITION MONITORING AN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF EMERGING NEW TECHNOLOGY RELATED RISKS
iNTeg-Risk purpose is to coordinate research and development sub-projects for improving the management of Emerging Risks related to new materials and technologies that will reduce time to-market for the EU lead market technologies and promote safety, security, environmental friendliness and social responsibility as a trademark of the advanced EU technologies.
ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND BIOFUELS FOR AIRCRAFT DEVELOPMENT
ALFA-BIRD (Alternative Fuels and Biofuels for Aircraft Development) is a project co-funded by the EU in the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, started in July 2008. ALFA-BIRD is an R&D project aiming at viable technical solutions. Its objective is to investigate and develop a variety of alternative fuels for the use in aeronautics, motivated by the need to ensure a sustainable growth of the civil aviation, regarding the impact of fossil fuels on climate change, and in the context of oil prices that are highly volatile and increasing in the long term.
HIGH ENERGY LITHIUM-ION STORAGE SOLUTIONS
Battery reliability and safety are the key issues for the commercialisation of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles for the private customers. For High Energy applications, requiring a large amount of energy stored on board, the lack of long-term visibility on the battery performances is limiting the commercial availability of Electric Vehicles and Plug-in HEV. The main goal of the project is to evaluate 4 electrochemical couples of lithium–ion cells whose lower voltage window matches perfectly with the stability window of the electrolyte, which should guarantee an excellent safety & performances.
QUANTITATIVE FAILURE CONSEQUENCE HAZARD ASSESSMENT FOR NEXT GENERATION CO2 PIPELINES
As part of the challenge to reduce the impact of global warming, pressurised pipeline are considered to be the most practical option for transporting captured CO2 for subsequent sequestration. This project brings together leading international experts to develop and test mathematical models for safety assessment of CO2 pipelines. The results are expected to provide the tools for determining the minimum safe distances to populated areas and allow emergency response planning in the unlikely event of pipeline failure.
Design and Manufacturing of Catalytic Membrane Reactor by developing new nano-architectures catalytic and selective membrane materials
The DEMCAMER project proposes an answer to the paradigm met by the European Chemical Industry: increase the production rate while keeping the same products quality and reducing both production costs and environmental impacts. Through the implementation of a novel process intensification approach consisting on the combination of reaction and separation in a “Catalytic Membrane Reactor” single unit. The aim of DEMCAMER is to develop innovative multifunctional Catalytic Membrane Reactors (CMR) based on new nano-architectured catalysts and selective membranes materials to improve their performance, durability, cost effectiveness and sustainability (lower environmental impact and use of new raw materials) over four selected chemical processes (Autothermal Reforming (ATR), Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS), Water Gas Shift (WGS), and Oxidative Coupling of Methane (OCM)) for pure hydrogen, liquid hydrocarbons and ethylene production. Moreover DEMCAMER will bring the proof of concept of these novel CMRs by the set-up and validation of pilot prototypes relevant for each process.
MAnaging RIsks of NAnomaterials
While there are standard procedures for product life cycle analysis, exposure, hazard, and risk assessment for traditional chemicals, is not yet clear how these procedures need to be modified to address all the novel properties of nanomaterials. There is a need to develop specific reference methods for all the main steps in managing the potential risk of ENM. The aim of MARINA is to develop such methods. MARINA will address the four central themes in the risk management paradigm for ENM: Materials, Exposure, Hazard and Risk. The methods developed by MARINA will be (i) based on beyond-state-of-the-art understanding of the properties, interaction and fate of ENM in relation to human health and the quality of the environment and will either (ii) be newly developed or adapted from existing ones but ultimately, they will be compared/validated and harmonised/standardised as reference methods for managing the risk of ENM. MARINA will develop a strategy for Risk Management including monitoring systems and measures for minimising massive exposure via explosion or environmental spillage.